Aerospace engineering is a niche engineering branch concerning the designing, functioning, production, construction and testing of aircrafts, satellites and spacecraft. Earlier called aeronautical engineering, the nomenclature was changed to include outer space mission vehicles. The complex science blends in concepts from mechanical, electrical and computer engineering fields and deals with various scientific concepts like aerodynamics, propulsion and aerospace design.
About the field:
The field of aerospace engineering is taking prominence among students today due the growing aviation and space research domain. This field covers the following areas:
- Designing, manufacturing and testing aircrafts and other aerospace spares parts.
- Evaluating designs and proposals fortechnical and financial viability of projects.
- Evaluating designs and prototypes for customer requirements, scientific principles, sustenance, quality standards, troubleshooting and risk.
Aerospace engineers are involved in developing andutilizing advanced technologies to better defense, research and commercial flying experiences for both passengers and manufacturers.
What Specializations can you study?
Aerospace engineering has two major specialization options – Aeronautical Engineering and Astronautical Engineering. Aeronauticalengineering deals with aircraft designing and techniques, including propulsion, mechanics and other aspects of aerodynamics. Astronautical engineering on the other hand, deals with the advanced technology of spacecraft and satellites andfocuses on missile technology and unmanned space-vehicles.Both these specializations require extensive depth of knowledge of various concepts of physics and mathematics.
Students can also opt for super-specialization courses offered in various European universities like Autonomous Vehicle Dynamics and Control, Aerospace Technologies and Satellite Engineering.
Positions in which you can work after completing this course
Aerospace engineers develop highly advanced and technically superior spacecraft,helicopters, defense and aviation systems, and are concerned with various domains of functioning such as aerodynamic fluid flow, navigation and control, instrumentation, communication along with propulsion and robotics.Aerospace engineers develop remotely piloted crafts, launch vehicles, missiles and rockets and might be involved in high end research and development to improve safety, enhance efficiency, especially of fuel consumption, and reduce negative environmental impact and costs.
Apart from government, many private companies offering lucrative job opportunities foraerospace engineers. Few aerospace engineers are also lucky to be offered rare opportunities including human-based and robotic space travel. A few key positions are:
- Composite Design Engineer
- Design Engineering/Engine Exit Module team member
- CAE Engineer
- Copernicus Ground Segment System Engineer
- Manufacturing Engineer
- Spacecraft Operations Engineer
As per payscale.com an average salary earned by an Aerospace Engineer in Germany is USD 53447.58.
Salaries paid to aerospace engineers are higher due to the extensive scientific knowledge and expertise needed, along with the long hours and risk associated.
The graduate course in Aerospace engineering is a 4 year course and students with a background in chemistry, physics, and math, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus are preferred. Subjects include aerodynamics basics, mechanics, general engineering principles, structure, propulsion and stability and control, and usually includes both theory and practical sessions.
A Master of Sciences (MS or M Sc) degree in Aerospace engineering from any premier institute in Europe offers a deeper perspective on the many basics principles studied in the Bachelors degree and prepares the candidate for jobs related to airplanes and aviation engines, along with the requisite managerial skills to handle teams. Students eventually move to either technical expert roles or executive positions and manage designing and maintenance teams.
Companies hiring students of Aerospace Engineering:
There is huge demand for the engineers who are familiar with engineering tools and processes. Also, there is a great deal of scope for the engineers who have studied modeling, simulation and the most advanced robotics. The job opportunities for aerospace engineers are plenty in public, private and in government sectors. A few prominent recruiters include:
- Airline companies
- Space Research organizations
- Flying schools
University requirements for studying Aerospace Engineering:
The students who are willing to study aerospace engineering should have studied Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics at the school level and have excellent academic records. They need to be excellent in problem solving and analytical thinking to be able to handle high pressure situations at work.
How can you get started?
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